Florida Birth Injury Lawyer

Medical Workers Cause Most Newborn Injuries in the US

If your child was diagnosed with a medical condition shortly after birth like brachial plexus injury or Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of Newborn, you should contact an attorney with experience helping childbirth injury victims. Birth Injury Attorney Armando Edmiston helps parents of injured babies, and mother’s injured during childbirth hold the doctors and hospitals responsible for their mistakes. Edmiston and his legal associates have over 10 years of experience handling childbirth complication claims, pursuing justice through personal injury, wrongful death, and medical malpractice compensation actions. Call (813) 482-0355 to speak with an attorney or request a free case evaluation in Tampa, Fort Lauderdale, or Lakeland, Florida.

It’s natural for parents to worry that something could go wrong during the birth of their child, but birth injuries are quite often caused by medical malpractice, improper care, and because of dangerous drugs or medical devices. Birth injuries are more common in the United States than in any other developed country in the world because of human errors by nurses, doctors, and other medical staff. Physician error is further reflected by the physical nature and most common types of birth injuries in the United States.

Most Common Birth Injuries & Complications

  • Brachial Plexus Injury & BPP
  • Shoulder Dystocia
  • Klumpke’s Palsy
  • Erb’s Palsy
  • Neurapraxia
  • Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn (PPHN)
  • Brain Injuries
  • Cerebral Palsy
  • Cognitive Impairment
  • Bone Fractures (Clavicle, Cranium, Humerus)
  • Paralysis
  • Cephalohematoma
  • Permanent Nerve Damage
  • Death


Cephalohematoma is a serious bleeding injury under the cranium that can occur during vaginal childbirth, first appearing as a visible red bump on the top of the newborn baby’s head. Complications typically occur in births involving tools to extract the baby such as forceps or other suction tools. Cephalohematoma is usually caused by human error or use of unsafe medical devices.

Brachial Plexus

Brachial plexus, also known as neonatal brachial plexus palsy, is one of the most common types of birth injuries today. It occurs when the upper part of the baby’s arm is injured. It typically occurs during traumatic deliveries including breeched vaginal birth, especially when OBGYNs use forceps, vacuums, or other extraction tools.

BPP injuries are also common during vaginal deliveries of large babies over 10 pounds, if the baby’s head is pushed to one side during delivery, if the mother has gestational diabetes or is overweight, or the baby’s neck muscles are underdeveloped. Symptoms of BPP brachial plexus include weakness in the arm that suffered the injury and might not be able to use that arm. It is possible that the hands and shoulders of the baby could also be affected.

Shoulder Dystocia

Shoulder dystocia is one of the scarier types of BPP birth injuries.  Shoulder dystocia injuries occur most often when the head and shoulders of the baby get stuck behind the mother’s pelvic bone during childbirth. Shoulder dystocia complications may be severe, including a fractured or broken collarbone, trouble breathing, brachial plexus fractures, cerebral palsy, or even death.

The mother could also suffer injuries when shoulder dystocia occurs during vaginal childbirth such as a uterine rupture or hemorrhaging during childbirth. The mother’s injuries usually occur when the baby becomes stuck behind the mother’s pelvic bone.

Klumpke’s Palsy

Klumpke’s palsy is another type of brachial plexus birth complication that occurs when nerves of the baby’s arms are injured. The face, arm, hands, wrists and fingers of the baby can all be affected by Klumpke’s palsy. A child diagnosed with Klumpke’s palsy may suffer from paralysis complications, and in some cases the hand will curl into a claw-like shape.

Erb’s Palsy

Erb’s palsy is another type of BPP complication in which the upper arm nerves are affected, and the baby experiences weakness and a loss of feeling in the part of the body that is affected. Severe Erb’s palsy complications sometimes lead to arm paralysis.


Neurapraxia poses a lower risk of long-term effects than any other type of brachial plexus injury and is the most common. Symptoms include burning and tingling nerve pain, arm and shoulder weakness, and sensitivity near the injury site. Babies with neurapraxia do not usually need treatment, and the symptoms typically disappear on their own after a few weeks.

Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of Newborn

The Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn (PPHN) is a serious birth injury that affects the baby’s ability to breathe. The area that is responsible for giving the baby oxygen shuts down, which causes the baby difficulty with breathing. PPHN birth injury can lead to heart murmurs, rapid heartbeat, cyanosis, and many other issues. Liability for these injuries and serious medical complications can fall into either the physician’s hands, the hospital may be liable, or a combination of both in medical malpractice or wrongful death claims.

Doctor mistakes and dangerous fetal extraction tools like forceps and suction devices can lead to serious injuries and even death for both the baby and the mother. It is important to speak with your doctor prior to giving birth to learn as much about the childbirth procedures they practice and detail any equipment that is acceptable or unacceptable for them to use during your child’s birth.

Schedule a Free Birth Injury Lawsuit Consultation

If you suspect that something went wrong during the delivery of your child, and they suffered serious injuries, were diagnosed with a medical condition, or died during child birth; it’s time to call our firm to speak with a birth injury lawyer that can help you pursue justice for your child. Call (813) 482-0355now to schedule a free case evaluation with our local law firm or request an appointment online. We have offices in Tampa, Fort Lauderdale, and Lakeland, Florida